On the theory of nuclear reactions at low energies: the physical mechanism of the reactions
Keywords:nuclear reactions at low energies, intra-electronic process, electron, intra-electronic mechanism of nuclear reaction, quantum electrodynamics
The physical mechanism of nuclear reactions at low energies caused by spatial extension of electron is considered. Nuclear reactions of this type represent intra-electronic processes, more precisely, the processes occurring inside the area of basic localization of electron. The distinctive characteristics of these processes are defined by interaction of the own field produced by electrically charged matter of electron with free nuclei. The heavy nucleus, appearing inside the area of basic localization of electron, is inevitably deformed because of interaction of protons with the adjoining layers of electronic cloud, which may cause nuclear fission. If the two or greater number of light nuclei occur «inside» electron, an attractive force appears between the nuclei which may result in the fusion of nuclei. The intra-electronic mechanism of nuclear reactions is of a universal character. For its realization it is necessary to have merely a sufficiently intensive stream of free electrons, i.e. heavy electric current, and sufficient number of free nucleus. This mechanism may operate only at small energies of translation of the centers of mass of nuclei and electron. Because of the existence of simple mechanism of nuclear reactions at low energies, nuclear reactor turns out to be an atomic delayed-action bomb which may blow up by virtue of casual reasons as it, apparently, had taken place in Chernobyl. The use of cold nuclear reactions for production of energy will provide mankind with cheap, practically inexhaustible and non-polluting energy sources.