N 1 (57)
January – March
Vlail Petrovich Kaznacheev
Biophysics and Medicine
On the future
The tendencies of development of world civilization, the environment, culture and medical research are considered. A critical review of the situation in Russia, including in the field of population and medicine is given. The review of new research in the field of biology, medicine, psychology and evolution has made.
Keywords: planetary evolution, biosphere, health, economy, ecology, human development, the evolution of civilization.
Cosmos and Biosphere
Features of cosmic climate at the surface of planet the Earth
The effect of the evolution of the biosphere (by V.I. Vernadsky) and planetary evolution in general, the evolution of mankind, the health of the human population, as well as variants of future changes related to the environment, culture and medicine are considered.
Keywords: biosphere, evolution, health, humanity, intelligence, heliobiology.
Gravity and Cosmology
On the duality of information and entropy of cosmic horizons and horizons of black holes
At the event horizon of a black hole or cosmic horizon with the Hubble radius amount of entropy coincides with the number of information cells in Planck units of action. It follows a relativity of definition of information or entropy for observers located inside or outside the horizon. It is introduced the wave function of the event hori-zon. It is proposed the Schrodinger equation for the event horizon. Using a standard distribution Gibbs it is con-sidered the thermodynamics of black hole horizon. It is shown that the entropy of black holes makes a small contribution to the information content of the Universe.
Keywords: black hole, Hubble radius, entropy of black hole, information, space horizon, wave function, Gibbs distribution, thermodynamics.
The rotation of galaxies and the quantum effects of thermal equilibrium with the vacuum or dark energy
The temperature of the quantum radiation of rotating galaxies is close to the temperature of the vacuum in the accelerating Universe. That points to the quantum-inertial mechanism of equilibration between rotating gal-axies, dark matter and dark energy (vacuum).
Keywords: Unruh radiation, rotation of galaxies, anti-gravity, cosmological acceleration, quantum cosmological effects.
Field Theory and Electrodynamics
The Dirac problem, part 3. Electromagnetic field and curvilinear motion by inertia. Application to atom model and cold nuclear fusion
As it is evident from the analysis of the Dirac problem, difficulties of electrodynamics are rooted in the incompleteness of classical mechanics. The elimination of incompleteness of mechanics by including curvilinear motions of classical particles by inertia in the Newtonian scheme of mechanics leads to the need to revise some of the fundamental propositions of theory. As it follows from the condition for stability of accelerated motions of particles by inertia in the transition from one inertial reference frame (IRF) to another, the mass of classical particle is not constant. The mass depends on the particle velocity and changes in passing from one IRF to another. This means that the IRF moving relative to each other are not physically equivalent. The cause of nonequivalence of the IRF is a special physical medium generated by the particle moving by inertia with acceleration. The energy of the medium is distributed differently between rotational and translational degrees of freedom in the IRF moving relative to each other. Nonequivalence of IRF can be registered by experiment. If the system of two particles is in the state of curvilinear motion by inertia, its reduced mass depends on the relative velocity of particles and on the velocity of the center of mass.
There are some additional fields Hi, apart from the fields of inertial forces Fi (i=1,2), that act on particles of two-particle system being in the state of curvilinear motion by inertia. The equations of the field generated by the system of two particles moving with acceleration by inertia are obtained, which are similar to Maxwell's equations for electromagnetic field produced by electrically charged particles. On the basis of this analogy, it is natural to regard the fieldsFi and Hi as components of a single electromagnetic field generated by particles moving with acceleration by inertia and to call them the electric and magnetic fields. Classical particles moving along curvilinear paths by inertia generate induced electric and magnetic charges. The induced electric charge is significantly different from the electric charge, which is considered in conventional formulation of electrodynamics as an immutable intrinsic property of classical particle inherent in it by the very nature of things.
A qualitatively new model of atom is built in which the bound state of classical particles is formed not by Coulomb forces but by inertia forces acting on particles in their accelerated motion by inertia. In the model, the splitting of bound state of two particles is due not to the leakage of one of the particles through the Coulomb potential barrier formed by another particle but to the redistribution of energy of the system between its rotational and translational degrees of freedom and can therefore occur without energy loss. The mechanism of formation of bound state of two particles, caused by the curvilinear motion of particles by inertia, explains the phenomenon of cold nuclear fusion (CNF), which can not be explained within the framework of standard theory because of its incompleteness.
This paper is only a milestone in the research on the Dirac problem. The research, theoretical and experimental, is just beginning. It will lead to radical changes in all fields of physical science, giving a powerful impetus to the development of our civilization.
Keywords: Dirac problem, non-equivalence of moving relative to each other inertial reference systems, incompleteness conventional schemes mechanics and electrodynamics, curvilinear motion by inertia induced electric and magnetic charges, qualitatively new model of atom, explanation of cold nuclear fusion phenomena.
Physics of Elementary Particles
Addition to the Standard Model on elementary particle mass ratio
It is shown that the coupling constants fi, determining the mass of elementary particles in the standard model, can be described as a function of the electromagnetic fine structure constant and its degrees. There are given the ratio between the masses of the elementary particles of the standard model, including the Higgs boson. These ratios are followed by the more general theory of superconductivity vacuum, including cosmological model with superconductivity, proposed earlier by the author.
Keywords: standard model, coupling constants, the fine structure constant, the mass, superconductivity, the Higgs boson.