N 3 (55)
July – September
Field Theory and Electrodynamics
The Dirac problem. Generalization of Maxwell’s equations for electromagnetic field
The Dirac problem is to answer the question, what is the cause of serious difficulties of electrodynamics and how to eliminate them. The key to solving the problem lies in the analysis of incompleteness of Maxwell's electrodynamics, which is due, in particular, to the fact that electrodynamics is based on the Coulomb law of interaction between electric charges. It is shown that the action of the test charge used for the measurement procedure on the investigated electromagnetic field is not a small perturbation. Consideration this disturbance requires substantial changes in the equations of motion of the field. The modified equations of motion of electromagnetic field are obtained and investigated, taking into account the influence of the test particle on the field. It is shown that the modified field equations contain amendments, the appearance of which indicates the existence of physical effects, dropped out of sight of Maxwell's electrodynamics. Thus, it follows from the modified equations that the vortex electric field is generated not only by the magnetic field varying in time, but also by the magnetic field varying in space. To overcome the difficulties of electrodynamics one has to reveal the physical nature of electric charge, based on curvilinear motions of classical particle by inertia.
Keywords: Dirac problem, incompleteness of Maxwell’s electrodynamics, electric charge, the modified equations of electromagnetic field, curvilinear motions by inertia.
Cosmology and Astrophysics
The equations of general relativity as an analogue of equations of electronic superconductivity
It is shown that the equations of general relativity can be regarded as analogous to equations of electron superconductivity by London and Landau-Ginzburg. This interpretation follows from the cosmological model with superconductivity, solves the problem of dark energy. In this case, the cosmological constant Λ sets the radius for action of the gravitational field in the universe, actually determining the scale of the observable universe containing matter and radiation, which gravitate.
Keywords: gravity, superconductivity, dark energy density, energy density of the vacuum, cosmological constant.
Nature of the forces of inertia, the equivalence principle and the Mach's principle in the quantum cosmological model with superconductivity
In quantum cosmological model with superconductivity the Newton's first law - the principle of inertial motion - can be explained. In this case, the inertial forces arise in quantum gravity condensate as a response to the superfluid condensate primary fermions to change the speed of the body as an element of gravity current. Global response of all condensate Universe explains Mach's principle. The equivalence principle - the equality of gravitational and inertial masses - introduced by Einstein finds its explanation too.
Keywords: inertia, Mach's principle, gravity, inertial forces, Newton's first law, gravitational superconductivity.
Special and General Relativity
On the reasons and features of the current of time in pseudoeuclidean spaces
Theoretical bases of the Temporology, connected with a substantiation of the reasons of occurrence of a phenomenon of a current of time are considered. Features of a current of time in flat pseudoeuclidean spaces are investigated. Connection of the offered approach with a problem baryon asymmetry of the Universe is shown. Possibility of existence within the limits of the offered model invisible objects which can be interpreted as clots of "a dark matter” is proved.
Keywords: temporology; time current; baryon asymmetry of the Universe; a dark matter.
Beltzov R.I., Fedotkin I.M.
On the motion of the electron in the physical vacuum
The coherence length of the electron-positron pairs in the physical vacuum is taken equal to the Compton wave-length, i.e. ξ0 = lñ = 3.86·10-11cm. That defines a Josephson junction particle-antiparticle with the superfluid current on a moving electron with mî and the Lagrange function. Particle wave function φ(x,t) with Josephson junction also determines the ratio of the relativistic mass, energy-momentum of the moving particle.
Keywords: electron, physical vacuum, positron, superfluidity.
Philosophy and Science
Popov V.P., Krajnjuchenko I.V.
Information and energy
It is analyzed the different definitions of information. Energy storage media and ways of perceiving information are considered.
Keywords: information, energy, living matter, consciousness, environment.